Glossary of Indian Spices in English and Hindi with Photographs
Indian spices are used for flavoring and aroma. India is rich with varied spices. From cardamom (in English)/Elaichi (in Hindi) to Fenugreek seeds (in English)/Methi dana (in Hindi). See with photographs.
Cloves (English)/Laung (Hindi)Cloves have a strong flavor and healing qualities. They are widely used in Asian cuisine especially in Indian, Indonesian cuisines. They are also used in toothpastes because of their quality to heal toothaches, and prevent decay of teeth and gums. In food, they are used in small quantity because of their strong flavor.
Fennel seeds (English)/Saunf (Hindi)
Fennel seeds provide a distinguished flavor and aroma. They are usually ground to make a powder to be used in recipes. Fennel seeds are also coated with sugary syrups to be eaten as mouth freshener.
Ground cumin seeds (English)/Roasted cumin seeds powder (English)/Bhuna jeera powder (Hindi) [Watch how to make]
Cumin seeds powder is used as a substitute for cumin seeds when seeds cannot be used in a recipe. Cumin seeds powder can easily be made at home in five minutes by roasting and grinding cumin seeds.
Nutmeg (English)/Jaiphal (Hindi)/Pala (Indonesia)
Nutmeg originated from Indonesia but is now widely used throughout Asia. Nutmeg and mace comes from the same tree, Myristica fragrans. Nutmeg is used for its unique aroma and flavor mostly in sweets. Oil derived from nutmeg is used in perfumes.
Mace Spice (English)/Javitri (Hindi)
Mace comes from the same plant as nutmeg. It has a stronger aroma than nutmeg. It has nutritional value, as it contains protein and fibre. It has a sweet flavor and is mostly used in sweet and savory recipes.
Star anise (English)/Illicium verum (English)/Chakri phul (Hindi)/Anasphal (Hindi)
Star anise is the fruit of a small evergreen tree. It looks beautiful and has a sweet savory flavor. This star shaped spice has seeds inside, but the flavoring is concentrated in its casing. Star anise has health benefits as well. It helps to fight viral and bacterial infections, and allergies.
Long pepper (English)/Indian Long Pepper (English)/Pipali (Hindi)
Long pepper is used both as a spice and a medicine in India. It lends a spicy flavor to a dish. Similar to black pepper, it has a strong spicy flavor. It has health benefits, which include curing and preventing colds and coughs.
Black pepper seeds (English)/Kali mirch (Hindi)
Black pepper seeds are native to India where they are widely used in everyday cooking. Black pepper comes from a flowing vine Piperaceae. It is hot and has medicinal qualities. It is helpful in preventing and curing cold, cough, and fever. Usually, it is used in a powder form by grinding it.
Spices Mix Recipes:
Garam Masala Recipe (Powdered spice mix used in curries)
Chaat Masala Recipe (Powdered spice mix used in chaat)
Chole Masala/Chana Masala Recipe (Powdered spice mix used in chickpeas curry)